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15 Sorts of Pranayama Respiratory Methods and Advantages [Explained]

types of pranayama
Picture Supply: Canva

There are a selection of various respiratory strategies in yoga that may ease stress, and make you are feeling much less anxious and calm.

We use the time period ‘Pranayama’ for a set of yogic respiratory workouts. Nevertheless, one should know respiratory workouts are completely different from Pranayama respiratory strategies.

Mechanically a Pranayama apply could look just like a easy respiratory train however really, in pranayama, we don’t simply deal with the motion of air out and in of the lungs, as we do in a respiratory train.

Pranayama apply focuses on consciously increasing the breath by means of numerous technique of strategies, which decelerate the entire respiratory cycle to a state of stillness, leading to a meditative state of calm.

On this article, you’ll perceive the classification of pranayama and primarily based on that, you’ll know 15 several types of pranayama respiratory strategies and advantages. If you’re all in favour of realizing about pranayama in nice depth, I’d recommend studying this newbie’s information to Pranayama and the 12 science-backed advantages of pranayama.

Initially, The Eight Classical Pranayama

In line with Hatha Yoga Pradipika (an historical textual content of yoga), there are 8 variety of pranayama combinedly referred to as ‘8 Kumbhakas’, and generally known as ‘Eight classical pranayamas’. All of the pranayamas that we do in yoga are someway modified variations of those 8 classical pranayamas.

types of pranayama
8 classica pranayamas. Picture: Fitsri

Kevala Kumbhaka and Sahita Pranayama

Within the yogic philosophy of pranayama, the respiratory course of is split into three components; Inhalation (Puraka) — Retention Holding (Kumbhaka) — Exhalation (Rechaka). A very powerful facet of pranayama is kumbhaka (i.e. breath retention). Nevertheless, we deal with Inhalation & exhalation in numerous pranayama varieties, however it’s ‘breath retention (kumbhaka)’ {that a} yogi goals to develop by means of a pranayama apply. For this reason completely different pranayama varieties are additionally referred to as ‘Kumbhakas’ in Sanskrit.

When pranayama is completed with aware effort and never spontaneously, means once we attempt to domesticate consciousness to look at our breath, it’s referred to as Sahita Pranayama. Sahita means related; breath retention (kumbhaka) is related with inhalation and exhalation. The 8 classical pranayamas talked about above are literally the practices of Sahita pranayama solely.

With lengthy constant apply, when kumbhaka begins occurring with none aware effort or an obvious affiliation with both inhalation or exhalation, it’s referred to as Kevala Kumbhaka. It’s the best stage of pranayama the place a yogi with out effort spontaneously holds their breath at will. This pranayama results in the opening of Sushumna Nadi, kundalini awakening and eventually Samadhi.

Sorts of Pranayama Respiratory Methods and Advantages

Grasp yoga gurus recommend that the greatest time to apply pranayama and yoga, typically, is Brahmamuhurta – early within the morning and on an empty abdomen. Ideally, pranayama needs to be practised in an open house with good air high quality.

It’s suggested to apply pranayama in seated snug postures solely. Initially one can start by merely watching their pure breath after which strive completely different strategies. It’s additionally beneficial to mix completely different forms of mudras with pranayama respiratory to deepen its results.

Every sort of pranayama can arouse specific areas of the mind and impacts the physique otherwise. You may give every a strive. Listed below are 15 forms of pranayama respiratory strategies.

  1. Nadi Shodhan Pranayama (Alternate nostril respiratory)
  2. Bhastrika Pranayama (Bellows respiratory)
  3. Kapalbhati Pranayama (Cranium shining breath)
  4. Bhramari Pranayama (Bee respiratory)
  5. Anulom Vilom Pranayama
  6. Sheetali Pranayama (Cooling breath)
  7. Surya Bhedna Pranayama (Proper nostril respiratory)
  8. Chandra Bhedna Pranayama (Left nostril respiratory)
  9. Sheetkari Pranayama (Hissing breath)
  10. Ujjayi Pranayama (Victorious breath)
  11. Plavini Pranayama (Floating breath)
  12. Murcha Pranayama (Swooning breath)
  13. Sama Vritti Pranayama (Equal/sq. respiratory)
  14. Dirgha Pranayama (Three-Half respiratory)
  15. Udgeeth Pranayama (Chanting breath)

1. Nadi Shodhana Pranayama (Alternate Nostril Respiratory)

nadi shodhan pranayama
Picture Supply: Canva

That is the primary sort of pranayama and is most practised due to its soothing results on the mind. Popularly generally known as a type of alternate nostril respiratory, it’s a gradual and deep yoga respiratory train.

On this pranayama, we shut our nostrils alternatively in a manner that balances the left and proper mind hemispheres.

To evaluate the results of Nadi Shodhan Pranayama on coronary coronary heart illness sufferers, an experimental examine was carried out in 2019. In people who endure Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgical procedure, it’s discovered on this examine on practising Nadi shodhan pranayama;

  • A big discount in each state and trait nervousness has proven after 6 weeks
  • Publish-operative ache and struggling of sufferers have decreased
  • A big discount in despair, stress, nervousness, and peak expiratory stream fee has been measured within the pre and post-surgery

One other experimental examine exhibits the speedy results of Nadi Shodhan on wholesome people’ coronary heart fee, blood stress, and problem-solving potential. It’s discovered on this examine;

  • Nadi shodhan refreshes air all through the lungs and alters autonomic exercise. It considerably declines the guts fee and systolic blood stress.
  • Peak expiratory stream fee improved which exhibits a wholesome lung situation.
  • As a consequence of higher adaptability for psychological stress-induced after practising nadi shodhan participant’s mathematical problem-solving time decreased considerably.

Nadi Shodhan Pranayama steps and advantages

2. Bhastrika Pranayama (Bellows Breath)

Picture Supply: Canva

In distinction to gradual and deep respiratory, bhastrika pranayama is available in quick and brief respiratory sort pranayama. Bhastrika actually means “bellows breath”

On this pranayama, exaggerated and forceful respiratory is carried out participating the diaphragm and stomach muscle tissues.

Fast enlargement and contraction of stomach muscle tissues create a bellows motion to ignite the physique’s warmth, therefore often known as breath of fireplace.

Bhatrika pranayama could be very efficient in revitalizing the working of the lungs. In a 2019 examine, bhastrika pranayama impact on lung perform is examined amongst 30 wholesome people and it has discovered;

  • A big increment is noticed within the Pressured very important capability, compelled expiratory quantity within the first second, Peak expiratory stream fee, and most voluntary air flow.
  • The elastic recoil of the lungs and chest wall elevated thereby strengthening the respiratory muscle tissues.

In 2009, one other scientific examine on the results of bhastrika on coronary heart fee and blood stress carried out. This time gradual tempo bhastrika pranayama is carried out for five minutes adopted by the measurement of blood stress and coronary heart fee. The comparative examine between the readings of given parameters earlier than and after bhastrika concluded that:

  • There’s a vital discount in systolic and diastolic blood stress.
  • A slight decrement within the coronary heart fee.
  • The parasympathetic nervous system can also be stimulated which purchased a way of calmness and reduces stress.

How you can Apply Bhastrika Pranayama & Its Advantages

3. Kapalbhati Pranayama

kapalbhati pranayama
Picture Supply: fitsri

Kapalbhati is a sort of pranayama that may be categorized below quick, asymmetrical, and diaphragmatic respiratory. In kapalbhati Pranayama, forceful exhalation is attributed to the entire detox of the physique by cleaning the Kapal (cranium).

Apart from pranayama, kapalbhati is without doubt one of the purification strategies of shatkarma.

Forceful exhalation in kapalbhati decompresses the cerebrospinal fluid within the mind. It massages the mind cells and you are feeling lighter after performing it.

Many research performed up to now have evaluated advantages of Kapalbhati on the physique and thoughts.

  • Kapabhati is like heat up workouts for respiratory muscle tissues to enhance lung capability.
  • It additionally will increase the circulation of oxygen-rich blood within the physique which in flip will increase melanin proportion to glow pores and skin.
  • Kapalbhati will increase the metabolic fee of the physique. Quicker metabolism results in elevated calorie consumption and additional, helps in weight reduction.
  • It has been proven in a examine, only one month of kapalbhati has decreased the blood sugar stage in diabetic people.
  • The pelvic flooring muscle tissues are strengthened after practising kalpalbhati for 4 weeks and proved to be efficient in decreasing menopausal issues.

Kapalbhati Pranayama Advantages and How you can Carry out Accurately

4. Bhramari Pranayama (Bee Breath)

bhramari pranayama
Picture Supply: Canva

Bhramari pranayama is probably the most enjoyable respiratory approach anybody can do simply to eliminate stress and nervousness immediately. Bhramari means buzzing bee.

In Bhramari pranayama, as you exhale, the ear canal is closed with index fingers and a buzzing sound is produced from the again of the throat. The thoughts is concentrated on the vibratory sound of a buzzing bee in extended exhalation.

If you apply it lengthy sufficient, little impulses of soothing buzzing sound proceed vibrating in your head. It retains stress and nervousness away from you.

Bhramari Pranayama (Bee Breath) steps and advantages

5. Anulom Vilom Pranayama

anulom vilom
Picture Supply: Canva

Anulom Vilom pranayama is a sort of alternate nostril respiratory carried out with the best hand in Vishnu Mudra.

To carry out Anulom Vilom, shut the best nostril with the best thumb inhale from the left nostril. Then shut the left nostril with the ring and little finger, exhale from the best nostril. Repeat on this method alternatively.

To some extent, anulom vilom related pranayama to Nadi Shodhan pranayama.

Though there’s a fairly distinction between each; Anulom vilom is a balancing sort of pranayama that maintains the stream of Prana in Ida and Pingala Nadi equally. Whereas Nadi shodhana is a cleaning pranayama sort that serves the aim of Nadis purification.

Some scientific research have confirmed advantages of anulom vilom;

6. Sheetali Pranayama (Cooling Breath)

sitali pranayama
Picture Supply: fitsri

Sheetali pranayama is a cooling respiratory approach. Historic yogis derived it to cut back physique temperature.

In Sheetali Pranayama, the tongue is rolled in a ‘U’ or ‘O’ form and extends out of the mouth. That is adopted by lengthy inhalation – the air is sucked in by means of rolled tongue and exhaled out by means of the nostrils. Salvia on the tongue moisturizes the air on its manner by means of the mouth and we really feel on the spot coolness.

Inhaling by means of rolled tongue in Sheetali pranayama moisturizes the dry mouth which in flip relieves from unhealthy breath.

  • In some yogic texts, Sheetali pranayama is described to have starvation and thirst management potential. It has a relaxing impact on the whole nervous system which supplies the practitioner a way of management.
  • It reduces the manufacturing of bile waste that causes heartburn.
  • It has the power to cut back blood stress in hypertensive sufferers. It has been present in a examine, Sheetali decrease excessive bp by means of a mix of stress discount and modification of the physiology of the autonomic nervous system.

7. Surya Bhedna Pranayama (Proper Nostril Respiratory)

surya bhedna pranayama
Picture Supply: fitsri

In distinction to alternate nostril respiratory, Surya Bhedna pranayam is a sort of uninostril yogic respiratory by which inhalation and exhalation are restricted to the best nostril and left nostril respectively.

As the best nostril is claimed to be the gate of ‘The Solar’, Surya Bhedna pranayama will increase physique temperature and offers vitality to the yogi. It may be referred as ‘sizzling pranayama’ or ‘proper nostril respiratory’.

  • Inhaling by means of the best nostril will increase oxygen consumption and thereby the general metabolic standing of the yogi.
  • Surya bhedana has proven a constructive impact on the left hemisphere of the mind. It enhances an individual’s logical and reasoning potential.
  • Nevertheless, It’s proof from a differential examine, Surya Bhedna pranayama has sympathomimetic results – means it may well elevate blood stress to alarming heights, significantly in hypertensive sufferers.
  • The warmth produced by means of this pranayama apply burns up impurities and can assist eradicate pathogens from the physique.

Surya Bhedana: How you can do it Accurately and Advantages

8. Chandra Bhedna Pranayama

chandra bhedna
Picture Supply: Canva

On this pranayama sort, respiratory is completed within the reverse method to Surya Bhedna pranayama i.e. Inhale – left nostril and exhale – proper nostril.

Chandra Bhedna pranayama is a cooling respiratory approach that prompts the parasympathetic nervous system. Activation of the parasympathetic nervous system results in;

9. Sheetkari Pranayama (Hissing Breath)

sitkari pranayama
Picture Supply: fitsri

Sheetkari is one other classical pranayama respiratory which is cooling in nature. On this pranayama, throughout inhalation, a ‘seeehh’ like hissing sound is produced from mouth which supplies its cooling motion. It’s additionally referred to as the hissing breath.

This pranayama is just carried out by closing the mouth and bringing the higher and decrease enamel collectively. Expose them by parting the lips. Then carry out Khechari mudra by folding the tongue to the touch the taste bud. Inhale by means of the uncovered enamel. Shut the mouth to carry your breath for 2 seconds after which exhale by means of nostrils.

Though sheetkari produces related results as sheetali pranayama, as well as, Sheetkari pranayama is very helpful in;

  • Decreasing blood stress and decreasing signs of tension.
  • Releasing emotional and psychological knots current within the physique.
  • Inducing enjoyable mind waves like delta and alpha band energy within the frontal and occipital areas.

10. Ujjayi Pranayama (Victorious Breath)

ujjayi pranayama
Picture Supply: Canva

Amongst 8 classical pranayama varieties, Ujjayi is probably the most satisfying deep respiratory pranayama approach. It’s mentioned, Ujjayi spontaneously happens in deep and intense focus, and therefore, primarily carried out throughout a meditation, Yoga Nidra and yoga mudra session.

Ujjayi pranayama is carried out by inhaling from the nostril, constricting the throat internally, and releasing the breath opening the mouth. The exhalation should produce an “HAA” sound as you open the mouth.

Many research have proven the therapeutic advantages of Ujjayi when integrated with Bandhas, Mantra Japa, and yoga poses;

  • Incorporating Ujjayi pranayama in makarasana can launch stress from the decrease again and enhance the provision of oxygen-rich blood all the way down to the backbone. It relieves from sciatica or spinal spondylitis.
  • Ujjayi pranayama with brief and extended breath retention has confirmed positively impacts oxygen consumption, results in the next metabolic fee within the physique.
  • In a randomized management trial examine, completely different physiological variables had been measured after practising ujjayi pranayama. A big distinction is noticed within the resting coronary heart fee and resting pulse fee after 8 weeks of coaching of Ujjayi.

How you can Carry out Ujjayi Pranayama

11. Plavini Pranayama

plavini pranayama
Picture Supply: Canva

Plavini is a sophisticated sort of pranayama that calls for experience in breath-holding for a protracted interval.

In Plavini Pranayama, the air is gulped into the abdomen both by the use of easy nostril respiratory or by means of the mouth in kaki mudra. Then with none bodily motion or expelling the air out, the air is retained contained in the physique for 30 to 90 minutes.

  • By stopping the air contained in the abdomen, the yogis don’t really feel hungry so plavini pranayama is a manner of pure fasting.
  • It’s mentioned in conventional texts, practising plavini makes the physique lighter sufficient so one can float simply on the water floor. It’s additionally referred to as ‘floating breath’.

12. Murcha Pranayama (Swooning Breath)

murcha pranayama
Picture Supply: fitsri

After Plavini, Murcha is one other conventional pranayama approach that emphasizes breath retention.

In Murcha Pranayama, the air is inhaled by means of nostrils at fullest capability. Then utilizing Jalandhar Bandha (throat lock) breath is held and the air is retained inside for even longer than is snug.

It offers a sense of fainting to the practitioner, nonetheless, in line with Hatha Yoga Pradipika – By way of this pranayama, the expertise of aware unconsciousness is supposed to come up.

  • Murcha pranayama lowers the oxygen focus in blood reaching the mind, leads to fainting sensation. Ultimately, it clears practitioner’s connection to the exterior world, therefore helps in pratyahara (sense withdrawal).
  • Additionally, it offers psychological readability and induces leisure and interior consciousness.

13. Sama Vritti Pranayama (Field Respiratory)

Popularly generally known as field respiratory, Sama vritti is a very simple pranayama approach. It’s a gradual and deep pranayama sort that focuses on all 3 components of respiratory – inhale, exhale, and retention.

In Sama Vritti Pranayama, a practitioner has to make sure an equal interval of their breath together with inhale, holding the breath in, exhale, and holding the breath out.

  • It allows the lung to work evenly and equally throughout inhalation, retention, and exhalation, in the end will increase lung capability.
  • Sama vritti pranayama has a stress-busting impact as respiratory evenly straight impacts the autonomic nervous system.
  • By decreasing stress response, this pranayama additionally helps you to sleep properly with full effectivity in little or no time.

Nevertheless, in superior yogis, a variation of Sama Vritti referred to as Visma Vritti pranayama or uneven breath is extra practiced.

14. Dirgha Pranayama (Three-Half Respiratory)

dirgha pranayama
Picture Supply: Canva

Dirgha pranayama is a full yogic respiratory approach by which inhalation and exhalation are performed in 3 components.

  • First, full filling of the decrease stomach
  • Second, full filling of the thoracic area by the extension of facet ribs
  • Lastly extension of higher chest space by lengthening of collarbone and shoulders

Like some other deep respiratory, Dirgha pranayama relaxes the blood vessels and widen them, which reduces the hypertension. Its results on the physique come by its motion on stomach motion

  • When stomach strikes with respiratory, inner stomach organs additionally make the motion. It offers them inner therapeutic massage and enhances the digestive system perform.
  • Dirgha pranayama results the oxygen focus in blood to the mind.

15. Udgeeth Pranayama (Chanting breath)

udgeeth pranayama practice
Picture Supply: Shutterstock

There are various frequent names of Udgeeth Pranayama like Omkari jap, Om chanting, Omkara chanting. Whereas performing this pranayama, Omkara sound connects you with silence inside you. On this silence, our mind will get vibrations to tune in a pure frequency.

Udgeeth pranayama lets you cope with nervousness, guilt, worry, and unhappiness. It cures acidity and issues associated to sleep (Insomnia) and unhealthy goals.


Whether or not you want to scale back stress or hypertension, enhance focus or discover stillness in your non secular journey, there are differentf pranayama respiratory strategies one can select from.

Totally different pranayamas include quite a few advantages and selecting one completely depends upon once you’re doing it or what you’re anticipating.

For instance, after a vigorous yoga session, you need your physique to loosen up and thoughts to relax. On this situation, pranayama like left nostril respiratory or sitali which have cooling results can be helpful as a substitute of doing kapalbhati or proper nostril respiratory.


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